Eye bags and dark under eye circles are among the most common of skin concerns as we age. Fluid retention, which causes water to be excessively stored in the skin tissue underneath the eye. As for dark circles, they appear as your under-eye skin thins and the “fat pad” under the eye disappears and blood vessels become more visible.
The unavoidable process of ageing is a slow process that takes place over the passage of time regardless of outside influence, those external factors like sun and environmental/pollution damage. Anti aging prevention needs to start early if you want a lifetime of great skin. We treat all signs of ageing. At the age of 20, we produce 1% less collagen in the skin each year, which results in the skin becoming thinner and more fragile. If however external factors exist like smoking/vaping, exposure to pollution and unprotected sun damage, the ageing process can be sped up. Precancerous changes such as lesions called actinic keratosis, skin cancer, freckles and sunspots form and combined with loss of collagen, elastin and GAGs can result in a person looking tired, worn down with a rough, uneven tone, brown patches that annually increase in size and darkness, thin skin and deep wrinkles.
Loss of collagen and elastin in our skin, combined with other factors, causes our skin to develop fine lines and wrinkles and give away our age. If you are expressive, your facial movement, sun damage, stress, dehydration and unhealthy lifestyle choices factor in such as drinking, diet, alcohol and drugs can all contribute to the formation of fine lines. Some medical conditions requiring continuous medications can also take their toll on an individual’s skin.
Sugar and anything with a high glycaemic load, are seen as a cause. As well as processed foods. They set off a chain reaction that is thought be responsible for acne breakouts. Some studies have indicated that some dairy products can prompt the release of hormones in the body that may all play a role in sebum overproduction.
Again, the hormones fluctuating during menstrual cycle is a trigger and tends to impact skin the week prior. Surges in progesterone increase sebum production occur and breakouts are typically on the chin and jawline.
High and prolonged stress can cause the adrenal gland to overproduce testosterone, thereby increasing the occurrence of blocked pores and acne.
Pigmented Lesions have several terms associated with them – dark spots, age spots, sun spots, liver spots; they’re all pigmentation. An excess in the production of melanin is the underlying cause in dark spots – melanin is produced in our cells and is responsible for our skin and hair colour – resulting in an uneven complexion. The main type of pigmentations are benign spots, but there are several types of pigmentation, this also includes post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, solar lentigines and melasma.
The number one cause of pigmentation is UVA/UVB/HEV light damage, but hormones can also play a part include hormones, genetics, medication, the aging process, illnesses, and other underlying skin conditions.
Melasma is heavily influenced by hormones. While we have yet to determine an exact cause; it’s most common among women as it’s thought to occur when the hormone estrogen and progesterone accidentally cause the overproduction of melanin, which is exacerbated when the skin is exposed to the sun
Flushing, blushing or redness that can surface on the skin, can at times be embarrassing (causing more flushing). Redness includes the condition of rosacea, cherry angiomas, broken capillaries and spider naevi. All of the listed conditions have a form of redness just under the skin, which can be small red spots and bumps or small, dilated blood vessels.
Rosacea is a condition that has no cure, but can be effectively managed with topical products, effective treatments and avoidance of triggers like hot and cold temperatures, the sun, stress, topical irritants and certain foods – including spicy food and dairy.
Cherry Angiomas have an unknown cause, but they appear to be connected with ageing, possibly pregnancy and exposure to chemicals.
Broken Capillaries & Spider Naevi
The occurrence of spider naevi is thought to be caused by: hormonal changes: oestrogen (e.g. oral contraceptive pill) or possibly pregnancy may enlarge pre-existing naevi or cause multiple naevi to form.